2016 Archived Content

Track 3

Lead-Based Battery Technology and Applications

June 15-17, 2016 | Cobo Center | Detroit, Michigan

Part of the 16th Annual Advanced Automotive Battery Conference


A significant spike in technological advancements have created smaller, light weight and long lasting lead-acid batteries that are critical to the development of the next generation of zero emission and hybrid electric vehicles. Using new composite materials and innovative design approaches, researchers are developing high specific energy batteries with long cycle life and low cost. In addition, creative improvements in the use of standard raw materials for lead-acid has led to a dramatic increase in the performance of these batteries. This session will provide an in-depth international overview of the industry including the latest trends, competitive analysis and examination of the key players and their strategies for market growth.

Final Agenda

Arrive Early and Attend a Tutorial or Symposium

Monday Tutorials


8:30am – 10:30am

Rechargeable Battery Market (TUT1)

11:00am – 1:00pm

Solid State Electrolytes (TUT2)

3:00pm – 5:00pm

Battery Safety (TUT4)

Tuesday - Wednesday Symposia

Battery Chemistry (S1)



12:00 pm Conference Registration Open

12:20 Networking Lunch

1:05 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

OPENING PLENARY SESSION: xEVs: Vehicle and Battery Market Expansion

2:00 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Menahem Anderman, Ph.D., President, Total Battery Consulting

2:05 Vehicle Electrification: Challenges and Opportunities

Kevin Layden, Director, Electrified Powertrain Engineering, Ford Motor Company

Regulations and restrictions on ICE emissions including CO2, particulates and other tailpipe emissions are in place promoting the introduction of electrified vehicles and requiring increased options from manufacturers. However, oil price has reached a 13-year low. To enable expansion of xEVs, the battery industry must not only continue to deliver the cost, weight, energy, and power density improvements it has demonstrated over the past decade, but it must go further and work with its partners to enhance features that batteries can provide exclusively. This will make electrified vehicles the consumers’ first choice.

2:25 Electric Vehicles: Current Status and Future View of Nissan

Yasuharu Watanabe, General Manager, EV and HEV Battery Engineering Department, Nissan Motor Company

This presentation will introduce future possibility and engineering direction of Nissan Electric vehicle, which realize the long driving range by battery evolution. It will also introduce the field data and customers’ opinions through the experiences of over 200,000 vehicles of the Nissan LEAF, which was released in December of 2010.

2:45 Toyota’s Electrification Roadmap

Michael Lord, Executive Engineer, Vehicle Regulation and Certification Engineering, Toyota Technical Center, Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing NA

The presentation will discuss Toyota’s electrification plan. In the short term, continued improvement and propagation of hybrid technology, including the expansion of plug-in hybrids, will provide the greatest benefits for C02 reduction. For full electric drive, Toyota is focused on the launch of the Mirai Fuel Cell Vehicle and believes that fuel cell vehicles have the greatest potential for use as general purpose household cars and large vehicles. For limited-range city vehicles, battery EVs could fit the requirement.

3:05 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

4:00 xEV Expansion, Technology and Market Outlook

Menahem Anderman, Ph.D., President, Total Battery Consulting

In this presentation, electrified-vehicle market expansion and battery technology and market development from micro-hybrids to full EVs will be discussed. As for battery technology, the key challenge is to enhance performance—to ease battery packaging in the car and reduce cost, while maintaining or improving durability, reliability, and safety.

4:30 Analysis of xEV/LIB Market Trends and Findings from the Tear-down Program of xEV

Takeshi Miyamoto, Senior Vice President, B3 Corporation

4:50 Hybrids Versus Diesel and Other Technologies, Including Impact of Recent NOx Scandal

John German, Senior Fellow, ICCT

The presentation will discuss test versus real life CO2 and pollutant emission of various advanced vehicle architectures, including advanced gasoline and diesel, hybrids, plug in hybrids, full battery, and Fuel Cell EVs. Improvements in conventional technologies and hybrids, and their impacts on paths to low CO2, will also be assessed.

5:10 Q&A

5:30 Networking Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

7:00 Close of Day


9:00 Continental Breakfast Roundtable Discussions

Join your colleagues and fellow delegates over breakfast for a focused, informal discussion moderated by a member of our speaking faculty. A small group format allows participants to meet potential collaborators, share examples from their own work and discuss ideas with peers. Click here to see the full listing of topics and moderators.

10:00 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

11:00 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Allan Cooper, European Project Coordinator, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC)

11:05 Advanced Lead Batteries - The Sustainable Choice for Automotive Applications

Alistair Davidson, Ph.D., Technical Manager, International Lead Association

Lead batteries are the most widely used energy storage system in the world due to their proven safety, performance, low-cost and excellent recycling. This presentation will highlight the positive role the lead battery can play in sustainable development and explain why they are the most sustainable choice for automotive applications.

11:25 Recent Advancements in Automotive Lead Batteries and the ALABC Program for Further Increasing of Lead Battery Performance

Boris Monahov, Ph.D., Program Manager, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) – a program of the International Lead Association (ILA)

This presentation will focus on the excellent recent results of the ALABC research, and on the new 2016-2018 Program. Given the range of benefits of lead batteries compared to alternative technologies, every improvement in dynamic charge acceptance and stability through the life of a battery is expected to contribute to making lead batteries the most attractive option in automotive applications.

11:45 Demonstrating Advanced Lead Carbon Batteries in 48V Vehicles

Allan Cooper, European Project Coordinator, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC)

Recent ALABC work has demonstrated that advanced lead-carbon batteries are the most effective and cost efficient way to meet automotive emission requirements. This work, conducted in combination with OEMs has focused on the 48V mild-hybrids which fall below the 60V threshold where additional safety requirements become necessary. Results will be presented showing 15-20% CO2 emission reductions when utilizing advanced lead carbon batteries in mild hybrid applications.

12:05 pm Surface Modifications of Carbon Materials for the Fabrication of Lead-Carbon OHMIC Contacts

Yi-Ren Tzeng, Ph.D., Associate Engineer, Institute of Nuclear Energy Research

Lead-Carbon (PbC) batteries have been considered a promising candidate for low cost energy storage applications, ranging from hybrid vehicles to large-scale power plants. It is made by electrically connecting a porous carbon component to the negative plate of the lead-acid battery. This presentation will describe two surface modification methods, one by oxidation treatment and the other by co-deposition of lead with tungsten, to enhance the bonding between lead and carbon while reducing the contact resistance. We will demonstrate that the storage efficiency is above 90% for a PbC battery incorporating surface modified carbon monolith electrodes. The lifetime of this PbC battery is at least five times longer than the conventional counterpart.

12:25 pm Q&A

12:25 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

12:40 Networking Lunch

1:30 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing


2:15 Chairperson’s Remarks

Boris Monahov, Ph.D., Program Manager, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) – a program of the International Lead Zinc Research Organization (ILZRO)

2:20 Performance Advances in Flooded Type ISS Battery

Takayuki Kimura, Automotive Battery R&D Department, Advanced Battery & System Development Center, Hitachi Chemical Co., Ltd.

Hitachi Chemical, by using the new separator design, has developed the flooded-type ISS battery with equal durability to European VRLA. And its charge acceptance was more than 200 % of that of European VRLA.

2:40 Carbon Additives in Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries

Aurelien DuPasquier, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Cabot Corporation

Carbon additives are a critical part of the solution for improved performance of lead-acid batteries and are gaining broad market adoption. Addition of carbons to the negative active mass leads to pronounced changes in the morphology and electrochemically active surface area and allow for increased dynamic charge acceptance and cycle life for AGM and EFB automotive batteries and in energy storage applications.

3:00 A Geometrically Optimized VRLA Battery for Power and Thermal Management in HEV Applications

George Brilmyer, Ph.D., Partner, HighWater Innovations, LLC

A Geometrically Optimized (GO) VRLA cell has been developed for use in high power battery packs for hybrid electric vehicles. The key to the “GO Battery” technology is a low aspect ratio / low resistance grid and an open central cooling-core. Several “GO Battery” HEV pack designs will be presented for comparison to existing battery pack size and weight targets.

3:20 Refreshment Break

3:40 Highly-Refined Secondary Lead for Critical Applications

Timothy W. Ellis, Ph.D., President , RSR Technologies, Inc.

RSR Technologies has developed a highly-refined secondary lead with very low levels of impurities to reduce gassing in lead-acid batteries. Grey and red oxides have been produced from this new material and contain up to 50 ppm silver and up to 200 ppm bismuth. RSR in North America and EcoBat facilities in Europe and South Africa have developed the capability to produce this material in normal operations.

4:00 Lead’s Second Life: Meeting Demands of 48V Power Trains with a Bipolar Lead Battery

Daniel Moomaw, Mechanical Engineer, Gridtential Energy

Environmental concerns are expected to force massive growth in microhybrid vehicles over the next ten years, demanding high performance energy storage products at low cost. The classic lead battery is capable of delivering the dynamic charge performance required for microhybrids, but only when leveraging the lightweight and low-resistance bipolar architecture. In this presentation, we will describe how Gridtential is combining the inherent benefits of bipolar batteries with the precision of the silicon semiconductor industry to produce high performance batteries at 1/3 the cost of lithium-ion.

4:20 Increased Service Life and Power Output of Lead Batteries as a Result of Active Mass Optimization by Leit Modulation During Plate Production and Operation

Boris Shirov, Project Manager, Research and Development, TASC, Ltd.

The technological steps involved in lead-acid battery production have a strong impact on the performance parameters of the battery. In this presentation research results about the influence of applying an external physical treatment based on low energy modulated magnetic field on the electrochemical and crystallization processes in lead-acid batteries will be shown.

4:40 Q&A

5:00 Close of Day


8:30 am Morning Coffee


9:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Andy Bush, Ph.D, Managing Director, International Lead Association

9:05 Next-Generation EFB and AGM Technology to Support Growing Start-Stop Demand

Tom Watson, Vice President & Technical Fellow, Powertrain & Vehicle Systems, Johnson Controls

In the next five years batteries in new vehicles will evolve in order to meet more stringent global emission regulations. The growing demand in performance for the next generation of EFB and AGM technology will be the focus of this presentation as well as solutions from new material development to improve key characteristics such as DCA (dynamic charge acceptance), cycle life and cranking capability at broad range of temperature.

9:25 Novel Negative Electrode for High DCA Performance

Stuart McKenzie, CEO, ArcActive, Ltd.

OEM’s want batteries for micro hybrid vehicles that can accept as much current as possible during braking events to reduce CO2 emissions and improve fuel economy. Typically however, lead-acid batteries suffer a significant drop in dynamic charge acceptance (DCA) early in the batteries life, thereby degrading the fuel saving potential of the micro hybrid system. ArcActive batteries enjoy high and sustained DCA over the life of the battery.

9:45 Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries for Micro and Mild Hybrid Systems

Perry Kramer, Research Scientist, East Penn Manufacturing

A review of the most advanced lead-acid battery solutions for lower voltage hybrid systems will be presented. Examples of charge sustaining technology will be reviewed.

10:05 Coffee Break

10:30 Dynamic Charge Acceptance in High Carbon Lead-Acid Cells: Variation with Environmental Conditions and Test Parameters

Matthew Smith, Post Graduate Researcher, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, UK

This study investigated the Dynamic Charge Acceptance (DCA) performance of a batch of 2 V, high-carbon, VRLA, HEV cells at different States of Charge (SoC), across a range of temperature conditions and test parameters. The results show DCA is heavily influenced by varying external and test conditions, and is not necessarily an intrinsic parameter of the cell.

10:50 Performance Testing of Various Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Products using USABC Battery Test Manual For 12V Start/Stop Vehicles

Donald Karner, President, Battery Test & Development, Electric Applications Incorporated

Presentation of work sponsored by the Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium and the US Department of Energy to baseline the performance of advanced lead-acid batteries using USABC test procedures. Test results include initial baseline tests (e.g. constant power capacity, HPPC, etc.) as well as ongoing results of life-cycle testing for six representative battery models including VRLA, EFB.

11:10 Bipolar Lead-Acid Battery Significantly Reduces Weight and Advances Performance for Automotive Applications

Edward Shaffer, Ph.D, CEO, Advanced Battery Concepts

Advanced Battery Concepts GreenSeal® technology is the first-ever, commercial, bipolar lead-acid battery that matches existing automotive battery size and performance specifications. Verified benefits include lower weight / higher energy density (>50 Wh/kg), higher power (1,200W/kg), 3X longer cycle life, smaller, more robust and can be built in voltages from 2V to 200V.

11:30 Q&A

11:50 Networking Lunch


1:20 pm Chairperson’s Remarks

Robert Flicker, COO, East Penn Manufacturing

1:25 Thin-Plate Pure Lead AGM Batteries for Heavy Duty Truck Applications

Jerry Hoffman, President, Northstar Battery

How the fast-charge and cycling capabilities of thin-plate pure-lead AGM batteries are making an impact in the large truck market in the United States. We’re battling weight, but we have the advantage with price and durability. The final story has yet to be determined.

1:45 PANEL DISCUSSION: Next-Gen Lead-Based Batteries and the Global Marketplace

Moderator: Boris Monahov, Ph.D., Program Manager, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) – a program of the International Lead Association (ILA)

Panelists: Robert Flicker, COO, East Penn Manufacturing; Rob Privette, Vice President, Energy Markets, XG Sciences

Lead-based battery demand continues to grow worldwide despite the inroads being made from other battery chemistries such as Li-ion. The demand from the automotive industry is one of the key drivers to this market. This panel of experts will discuss the global lead-based market and the continued prospects for growth and innovation.

2:25 Q&A

2:40 Refreshment Break


2:55 Chairperson’s Remarks

Mark Duvall, Director, Electric Transportation and Energy Storage, Electric Power Research Institute

3:00 Status of FCEVs and H2 Infrastructure in California - The Challenges Met and What’s Next

Bill Elrick, Executive Director, California Fuel Cell Partnership

With fuel cell electric vehicles now commercially available and the California Roadmap and ZEV Action Plan documents as guidance, California is nearly half way to the 100 hydrogen station objective for initial commercial launch. This presentation will highlight the current status, progress made and priority activities for advancing the commercial market in California.

3:20 Charging Infrastructure Progress and Challenges

Mark Duvall, Director, Electric Transportation and Energy Storage, Electric Power Research Institute

3:40 Charging Infrastructure – Southern California Edison Experience

Jordan W. Smith, Engineering Manager Advanced Technology, Southern California Edison

Southern California Edison developed a program to install thousands of charging stations in long-term parking locations. SCE developed requirements for EVSE, and established a qualification process to select a pool of qualified EVSE. The requirements focus on hardware and controls. Equipment must have the capability to respond to standard utility DR signals, presenting a versatile asset which enables further electrification of transportation while managing grid system impact.

4:00 Q&A

4:20 Closing Remarks

4:30 Close of Conference