2017 Archived Content

R&D Symposium 1

Battery Chemistries for Automotive Applications

June 19-20, 2017 | Marriott Marquis Hotel | San Francisco, CA

Part of the 17th Annual Advanced Automotive Battery Conference


In order to create affordable and high performance batteries for automotive applications, new battery chemistries and designs must be discovered and existing technologies need to be optimized. The Chemistry Symposium, part of this year’s Advanced Automotive Battery Conference will bring together leading material R&D professionals form industry, government and academia to discuss the current challenges of Lithium Ion batteries. Case studies highlighting advancements in both electrode and electrolyte chemistry will be shared. In addition to improvements in Lithium Ion chemistries, the Chemistry Symposium will also explore the economic value of magnesium and sodium based technologies as well as solid state batteries.

Final Agenda

12:30 pm Symposium Registration Open


1:30 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Martin Winter, Ph.D., Chair, Applied Material Science for Energy Conversion and Storage, MEET Battery, Research Center, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Muenster

1:35 FEATURED PRESENTATION: Lithium-Ion Batteries for the 300 Mile EV and More

K.M. Abraham, Ph.D., CTO, E-KEM Sciences

The ability to drive a Li-ion battery powered family car for 300 miles or longer on a single charge is widely recognized as a major milestone for the widespread consumer acceptance of all-electric vehicles. A brief overview of the state-of-the-art of Li-ion battery technology will be presented with an examination of the driving range of electric vehicles using various Li-ion batteries, distinguished by their cathode materials. Future prospects of the energy storage capabilities of Li-ion batteries will be discussed along with an assessment of the potential of advanced rechargeable lithium battery chemistries to fulfill the ambitious goals of electric vehicle propulsion as well as various other portable and stationary energy storage applications.

2:15 Materials for Current and Future Lithium Battery Technologies

Pascal Hartmann, Ph.D., Laboratory Manager, Battery Materials Research, BASF SE

In the near future, only NCM (LiNi1-x-yCoxMnyO2) materials with high nickel content will meet both the energy density and cost targets for EV application. In this talk, both the scientific challenges of high Ni materials will be presented as well as chemical ways to mitigate those. Further, we will give an overview on next generation materials and technologies (e.g. solid-state batteries).

2:35 Advanced High Energy Next-Generation Lithium-Ion Battery for Automotive Applications

Khalil Amine, Ph.D., Distinguished Fellow & Manager, Advanced Battery Technology, Argonne National Lab

In this talk, we will disclose several strategies to increase significantly the energy density of the lithium battery through the development of high energy cathode material coupled with a high voltage electrolyte. We also describe some new approaches of improving the cycle life of Si/carbon composite anodes by impregnating nano-silicon particles within graphene. In addition, we will disclose new pre-lithiation to resolve the issue of large irreversible loss at the Si anode during the initial cycling.

2:55 Refreshment Break

3:15 Approaches to Evaluating Battery Cell Components for Automotive Applications

Zoe Zhou, Ph.D., Research Engineer, Ford Motor Company

Battery cell internal components and materials can impact a variety of performance and durability characteristics of individual cells and associated battery pack systems. This study investigates some of these impacts on the response behavior of cells in exposure to varied abuse conditions. Related trends will be illustrated and unique diagnostic approaches to evaluate component changes will be highlighted.

3:35 Next Generation Automotive Batteries - Challenges in Research and Application

Peter Lamp, Ph.D., Director, Research Battery Technology, BMW Group

This presentation will outline the potential and limits of present material concepts from a car manufacturer point of view. In particular it will address open issues to be solved in the future development of electric energy storage technologies for automotive applications.

3:55 Silicon Anodes: Where to Next?

Anthony Burrell, Chief Technologist, Energy Storage, National Renewable Laboratory

Silicon has received significant attention as a viable alternative to graphitic carbon as the negative electrode in lithium-ion batteries due to its high capacity and availability. More recently it has become apparent that substantial lifetime issues exist in cells with silicon anodes even when not cyclizing. This raises major questions as to the parasitic reactions that occur at the silicon anode. This talk will focus on the challenges that are faced in the development of silicon anodes for lithium ion batteries.

4:15 Silicon-Dominant Anode and Li-Ion Cell Technology Advantages for Vehicle Electrification Applications

Benjamin Park, Ph.D., Founder & CTO, Enevate Corporation

Unlike conventional silicon technologies which typically involve adding silicon-containing additives to graphite, silicon-dominant technologies in Li-ion batteries offer many benefits for electrical vehicles including high energy density, ultrafast charging, wide temperature operation, and safety. Enevate’s low temperature performance and 4C charging will be compared to graphite alternatives.

4:35 Q&A

5:00 Close of Day

Tuesday, June 20

8:30 am Symposium Registration Open and Morning Coffee


9:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Martin Winter, Ph.D., Chair, Applied Material Science for Energy Conversion and Storage, MEET Battery, Research Center, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Muenster

9:05 Flammable, Toxic and Not Performant Enough: Is There a Chance to Get Rid of Liquid Organic Electrolytes

Martin Winter, Ph.D., Chair, Applied Material Science for Energy Conversion and Storage, MEET Battery, Research Center, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Muenster

It is common wisdom, that materials science in the field of electrochemical storage has to follow a system approach as the interactions between active materials, the electrolyte, the separator and various inactive materials (binder, current collector, conductive fillers, cell housing, etc.), are of similar or even higher importance as the properties and performance parameters of the individual materials only. For lithium metal and lithium ion batteries (LIBs), it is widely accepted, that the electrolyte interacts and reacts with the electrodes, influencing not only power density and life, but also safety. Here we reflect the present situation with organic LIB electrolytes with particular emphasis on safety and toxicity and will address the potential of future non-liquid (i.e., gel, hybrid and solid) electrolytes in view of realization novel cell chemistries, particularly lithium metal anode chemistries.

9:25Electrolyte with Improved Performance at Both Low and High Temperatures

Dee Strand, Ph.D., CSO, Wildcat Discovery Technologies

Automotive applications require batteries with adequate power down to -30°C to start the vehicle. In general, the power capability of the batteries suffers at low temperature due to increases in electrolyte viscosity, as well as poor ionic conductivity in the electrolyte and anode SEI layer. This presentation highlights development of electrolyte formulations with wide operating ranges on both graphite and lithium titanate anodes.

9:45 Stabilizing Water in Batteries

Kang Xu, Ph.D., Senior Research Chemist & Project Lead, US Army Research Lab

Water is the universal solvent in the universe, whose highly polar nature, unique structure and networking properties render its strong solvation power toward almost any inorganic salts. However, its narrow electrochemical stability window (1.23V) restricts its application in electrochemical devices whose electrodes operate at extreme potentials. In this talk, different approaches of stabilizing water electrochemically will be explored.

10:05 Grand Opening Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

Solvay_horizontal11:00 Solvay’s Extended Offer for High Voltage Li-Ion Batteries

Thomas Mathivet, Business Development Manager, SOLVAY

A leading target of the Li-Ion battery industry roadmap is to achieve high energy at affordable cost without compromising on safety. Solvay has increased its efforts to propose innovative electrolyte ingredients to battery makers, enabling high voltage solutions, binders for electrodes and separator formulation to increase capacity, cyclability and safety.

11:20 Active Materials and Additives for Next Generation Lithium Ion Batteries

Michael Kruft, Ph.D., President, Toda Kogyo Europe GmbH

High Nickel cathode materials and Silicon based anode compositions will be the materials of choice for the next generation of Lithium Ion Batteries that shall have higher energy density at lower cost. Toda Kogyo has developed and commercialized a broad range of cathode chemistries that address the specific needs of the LIB market. Recently, high performance Silicon composite materials and conductive additives were added to the portfolio. The presentation will provide an insight into key advantages and challenges of those materials.

11:40 Towards High Cycle Efficiency of High Energy Density Lithium Ion Batteries

Xingcheng Xiao, Staff Researcher, General Motors Research and Development Center

Understanding the relationships between structure and properties of Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) is key to pinpointing the capacity fading mechanisms, and designing high performance/durable electrode coatings, particularly for high capacity electrode materials. In this presentation, we will discuss our approach to elucidate the SEI failure mechanism, and how we developed new surface coatings as artificial SEI layers to achieve high cycle efficiency of high energy LIBs.

12:00 Accurate Determination of Coulombic Efficiency for Lithium Metal Anodes

Ji-Guang (Jason) Zhang, Ph.D., Laboratory Fellow, Energy Processes & Materials Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

In this presentation, we will discuss various factors affecting accurate determination of Coulombic efficiency, which is critical for application of Lithium (Li) metal batteries. These factors include Li deposition/stripping rate and capacity, substrate selection and treatment procedure, need for the conditioning cycle etc.

12:20 Q&A

12:40 Networking Lunch

1:35 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing


2:35 Chairperson’s Remarks

Martin Winter, Ph.D., Chair, Applied Material Science for Energy Conversion and Storage, MEET Battery, Research Center, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Muenster

2:40 Towards All-Solid-State Batteries: A Delicate Balance between Materials and Processing

Olivier Guillon, Ph.D., Professor, Institut für Energie und Klimaforschung

All-solid-state Li- and Na-ion batteries promise to alleviate many issues related to the use of organic liquid electrolytes in conventional batteries and have the potential for improved safety and large increase in energy/power density. To achieve the latter, the combination of ceramic ion conductors with metal on the anode side and mixed cathodes, preferably with high voltage active materials, is necessary.

3:00 The Renaissance of Lithium Metal: SolidEnergy’s Role in the Future of Lithium Batteries

Qichao Hu, Ph.D., Founder & CEO, SolidEnergy Systems Corp.

The pursuit of high energy density is at the heart of smartphones, wearable gadgets, wi-fi communication and electric vehicles. Lithium, which is the lightest and most electronegative metal in the periodic table, is a natural choice as anode. SolidEnergy’s mission is to power people’s lives, whether they are communicating with loved ones on a phone, driving with family in an electric car, or accessing the internet for the first time in a remote village in Africa.

3:20 Dendrite-Free Rechargeable Zinc-Based Batteries: Solving a Chronic Impediment through Architectural Design

Debra Rolison, Ph.D., Head, Advanced Electrochemical Materials, Surface Chemistry Branch, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

The key to realizing rechargeable zinc alkaline batteries lies in controlling the behavior of the zinc anode during cycling. Our team does this with a sponge form-factor, which physically ensures more uniform charge–discharge reactions. Monolithic zinc sponges are cycled at high rate, to deep utilization of the *theoretical* zinc capacity, and to a specific energy competitive with lithium-ion batteries.

3:40 Q&A

4:00 Networking Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

5:05 Close of Symposium

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