2017 Archived Content

Track 2

Chemistry & Materials for Lead-Based Batteries

June 21-22, 2017 | Marriott Marquis Hotel | San Francisco, CA

Part of the 17th Annual Advanced Automotive Battery Conference


A significant spike in technological advancements have created smaller, light weight and long lasting lead-based batteries that are critical to the development of the next generation of zero emission and hybrid electric vehicles. Using new composite materials and innovative design approaches, researchers are developing high specific energy batteries with long cycle life and low cost. In addition, creative improvements in the use of standard raw materials for lead-acid has led to a dramatic increase in the performance of these batteries. This track will provide an in-depth international overview of the industry including the latest trends, competitive analysis and examination of the key players and their strategies for market growth.

Final Agenda

Wednesday, June 21

8:00 am Main Conference Registration Open and Morning Coffee


9:00 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Menahem Anderman, Ph.D., President, Total Battery Consulting, Inc.

9:05 Meeting ZEV and Customer Requirements

Michael LordMichael Lord, Executive Engineer, Product Regulatory Affairs/Environmental Regulation, Toyota Motor North America

Government mandates alone cannot assure ZEV goals are met. ZEV must fulfill the basic requirements of the customer in a cost effective manner. Only then will the ZEV market expand beyond the early adopter into the mass market. This presentation will explore what can be done to close the gap between where we are with the current market and where we want to go.

9:25 xEV Technologies to Reach ZEV Targets and Lower Fuel Consumption

Robert BienenfeldRobert Bienenfeld, Assistant Vice President, Environment & Energy Strategy, American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

Mr. Bienenfeld will provide an outlook for achieving 2030 goals. This will include an analysis of xEV pathways, infrastructure requirements, and critical policy support mechanisms to achieve these goals.

9:45 California CO2 Reduction Targets

Mike McCarthyMike McCarthy, CTO, ECARS, California Air Resources Board

ARB’s Scoping Plan outlines proposed actions to meet the most aggressive climate target in North America: a 40 percent reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030. ARB has also released a state strategy identifying the need for an additional 80 percent reduction in smog-forming emissions to meet national ambient air quality standards. Critical reductions are needed from mobile sources – cars, trucks, and off-road equipment and the fossil fuels that power them – as they are the largest contributors to the formation of smog and greenhouse gas emissions in California.

 Core Molding Technologies10:05 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

11:00 xEV Expansion by World Region

Menahem AndermanMenahem Anderman, Ph.D., President, Total Battery Consulting, Inc.

In this presentation, electrified-vehicle market expansion and battery technology and market development from micro-hybrids to full EVs will be discussed. Battery performance enhancement, cost reduction, and key producers will be examined vis-à-vis battery durability, reliability, and safety. Market trends in Europe, the U.S., China, and Japan will be reviewed with the pace of market growth depending predominantly on governmental regulations and incentives, and battery pricing.

11:20 EV, PHEV, and Battery Market Expansion in China

Mark LuMark Lu, Certified Senior Industrial Analyst, Industrial Economics & Knowledge Center (IEK), Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI)

Chinese xEV sales continue to grow rapidly. This growth in demand has constituted an equivalent growth in the demand for batteries, which has attracted overseas battery manufacturers. Therefore, this presentation will cover both updated market information and battery product comparisons. The market information part will focus on the effect of policies on demand within the Chinese xEV market; the battery product comparison part will look at present battery technical levels and differences in strategy among top battery manufacturers.

11:40 Present Status and Future Trend of LiB Cell and Material Market – How Manufacturers in Each Country/Region Should Do Business

Sachiya InagakiSachiya Inagaki, General Manager, Industrial Technology Unit, Yano Research Institute, Ltd.

Thanks to the expanding market of xEV, LiB cell and materials markets are also booming. Then, many manufacturers try to expand their production capacity in order to meet the demand from their customers. But do we really need that much? I will analyze and report how we should go through such a tough market situation based on our market research data and result.

12:00 pm Q&A


12:20 Networking Lunch

Ford1:05Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing



2:00 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

George Brilmyer, Ph.D., Co-Founder and Partner, HighWater Innovations

2:05 FEATURED PRESENTATION: Next-Generation EFB and AGM Technology to Support Growing Start-Stop Demand

Tom Watson, Vice President & Technical Fellow, Powertrain & Vehicle Systems, Johnson Controls

In the next five years, batteries in new vehicles will evolve in order to meet more stringent global emission regulations. The growing demand in performance for the next generation of EFB and AGM technology will be the focus of this presentation as well as solutions from new material development to improve key characteristics such as DCA (dynamic charge acceptance), cycle life and cranking capability at broad range of temperature.

2:35 ALABC-Innovation and R&D-Key Learnings for Future Automotive Applications

Boris Monahov, Ph.D., Program Manager, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) – a program of the International Lead Association (ILA)

Alistair Davidson, Ph.D., Director-Products and Sustainability, International Lead Association

There is a growing consensus of opinion which suggests that stop start technology will do more for vehicle exhaust emission reduction than pure EV and strong hybrid technology combined. This paper argues the case that lead-acid technology will win a major market share in both this market and the 12V micro-hybrid not just on price but on genuine improvements thanks to widespread use of negative plate carbon additives and better battery management systems. The paper will discuss the key results of past ALABC demonstration projects utilizing lead batteries in 12 and 48 V applications, conducted with companies such as Ford, Honda and Kia/Hyundai.

Aerovironment 3:05 Refreshment Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

4:00 Advanced BMS Solutions for Automotive Battery Storage Systems with One or More Lead-Acid Batteries – The Key for Full Utilization of the System, Reduced Costs and Improved CO2 Savings

Grzegorz Pilatowicz, Technical Expert, Battery Management Systems, LEM Switzerland SA

This presentation focuses on a recent developments and solutions in the field of current sensing, smart battery sensors and BMS for lead-acid-based BSS, especially used in µH applications. It shows that synergy between software and hardware is a key enabler to develop dedicated solutions that reduce the system cost without any performance or safety compromises. Such dedicated and flexible innovations are believed to be an important step for a better and sustainable future.

4:20 Safe & Affordable Hybridization: Tailoring Lead Acid Battery Chemistry

Gordon Beckley, CTO, Hammond Group

Hammond Group, a global leader in developing and producing advanced active materials and additives for PbA batteries, has developed revolutionary HRPSoC performance improvements across a broad range of applications with minimal compromise on other key characteristics. These advances are helping to open the door for PbA in applications once dominated by Lithium-ion and other chemistries. In an effort to drive continuous improvement, Hammond has partnered with the Fraunhofer Institute to independently evaluate these new advances in real world test protocols.

4:40 Discrete Carbon Nanotube Additives for Advanced Automotive Lead-Acid Batteries

Jeremy Meyers, Ph.D., Director, Research and Development, Lead-Acid Batteries, Molecular Rebar Design

Discrete carbon nanotubes can be dispersed in an aqueous solution and added directly to the pasting mix for either negative or positive lead-acid battery plates. These additives markedly improve the ability for batteries to be charged quickly without gassing, and to withstand many characteristic cycling protocols. These nanotubes, known as MOLECULAR REBAR®, can easily be incorporated into existing pasting lines. They have yielded benefits in full-scale production batteries in automotive applications.

5:00 Q&A

5:20 Networking Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

6:30 End of Day

Thursday, June 22

8:30 am Registration Open

9:00 Interactive Breakfast Breakout Discussion Groups

Join your colleagues and fellow delegates over breakfast for a focused, informal discussion moderated by a member of our speaking faculty. A small group format allows participants to meet potential collaborators, share examples from their own work and discuss ideas with peers. Please click here for full details.

TABLE 1: Hydrogen vs Electric Infrastructure

Moderator: Robert Bienenfeld, AVP, Environment & Energy Strategy, American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

TABLE 2: 12V electrical architectures with advanced energy storage

Moderator: Jeff Kessen, Vice President of Corporate Strategy, A123 Systems

TABLE 3: BMS Technology and Cost

Moderator: Uwe Wiedemann, Managing Director, Sales & Business Development, Munich Electrification GmbH

TABLE 4: Chinese Material Suppliers, Cost, and Quality Status (Including Japan and Korea)  

Moderator: Sachiya Inagaki, Seoul Branch Office General Manager, Yano Research Institute, Ltd.

TABLE 5: Lithium-Ion Battery Safety: Prediction, Prevention & Management

Moderator: Brian Barnett, Vice President, TIAX LLC

TABLE 6: Cell Manufacturing

Moderator: Raf Goossens, Ph.D., CEO, Global Corporate Management, PEC

TABLE 7: Silicon Anodes and Cells

Moderator: Benjamin Park, Ph.D., Founder & CTO, Enevate

TABLE 8: Lessons Learned from Recent Battery Safety Events

Moderator: Shmuel De-Leon, CEO, Shmuel De-Leon Energy, Ltd.

TABLE 9: Conductive Additives for High Rate LIB Performance

Moderator: Rob Privette, Vice President, Energy Markets, XG Sciences

TABLE 10: Recent Advancements in Automotive Lead Batteries and the Commercial Outlook

Moderators: Boris Monahov, Ph.D., Program Manager, Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium (ALABC) – a program of the International Lead Association (ILA)

Alistair Davidson, Ph.D., Director-Products and Sustainability, International Lead Association

TABLE 11: Battery Costing and Cost Reduction

Moderators: Wenzel Prochazka, Ph.D., AVL List GmbH

Shriram Santhanagopalan, Ph.D., Engineer, Transportation and Hydrogen Systems Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

TABLE 12: Advances in Battery Modeling

Moderator: Bob Spotnitz, Ph.D., Battery Design LLC

10:00 Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing


11:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Tom Watson, Vice President & Technical Fellow, Powertrain & Vehicle Systems, Johnson Controls

11:05 Physics-Based Modeling of New Thin-Plate Lead-Acid Batteries

Mikael Cugnet, Ph.D., Project Manager, CEA, France

Physical modeling is the most interesting way to model any battery technology, because it can provide useful information from design to end of service life. Lead-acid batteries are subject to various electrode reactions and the prediction of their performance requires a deep knowledge of the physics involved. In turn, physics-based models bring quantitative information regarding the limiting processes at play under specific operating conditions, which is of great interest to continuously push the limits.

11:25 Roles of the Auxiliary Application Lead Acid Battery

Aaron Bollinger, Product Engineer, East Penn Manufacturing

Small lead acid batteries (AUX) have been widely used under multiple cycle duties and applications. These batteries are able to offer excellent power, energy and life based on the design intent. Advances in lead acid technology continue to improve the capability of these batteries. This presentation will look at the history of these batteries and show how the technology has transitioned in today’s market. Finally, we will look at how these small batteries may play a key role in lead acid’s future in automobiles.

11:45 A Geometrically Optimized VRLA Battery for 42Volt Mild Hybrid Applications

George Brilmyer, Ph.D., Co-Founder and Partner, HighWater Innovations

A Geometrically Optimized VRLA battery has been developed for use in hybrid electric vehicles. This low-profile, spiral-wound cell is designed to meet cost, performance and recycling targets for the growing 42V mild hybrid battery market. The key to the “GO Battery” technology is a low-aspect-ratio/low resistance grid. This design offers power levels that are 3-4X greater than commercially available VRLA technology thus leading to smaller and lighter battery packs. Several “GO Battery” HEV pack designs will be presented for comparison to existing battery pack size and weight targets.

12:05 pm Comparing and Contrasting Pb-Acid and Li-Ion Batteries

Linda Gaines, Ph.D., Transportation Systems Analyst, Argonne National Laboratory

There are major differences between lead-acid (Pb-acid) and Lithium-ion (Li-ion) automotive batteries. This presentation will highlight some of the advantages and disadvantages of each, with the hope that each can learn from the other and improve both. Aided by advanced research techniques, materials and designs are improving rapidly to provide enhanced performance. However, that means that chemistries are evolving so rapidly that materials might be entirely outdated by the time the batteries are available for recovery. These factors make planning for economical recycling difficult.

12:25 Q&A

12:40 Networking Lunch

1:05 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing

Technology & Innovation: DCA vs. High Temperature Durability

2:15 Chairperson’s Remarks

Gerry Woolf, Owner and Publisher, Energy Storage Publishing Ltd.

2:20 Reengineering Lead for High Power and High DCA

Dan Moomaw, Mechanical Engineer, Engineering, Gridtential Energy

The automotive industry is moving quickly towards mass electrification of vehicles and requires low cost and high power energy storage solutions. Dynamic Charge Acceptance and high power experiments are underway and initial results are promising. With excellent mechanical robustness, two times higher energy density than monopolar lead batteries, Lithium-level power density, and cycling life that exceeds 3000 in deep discharge applications, Silicon Joule is breathing new life into the lead battery while maintaining a competitive cost structure.

2:40 Novel Negative Electrode for High DCA Performance

Stuart McKenzie, CEO, ArcActive, Ltd.

Car companies want a low cost battery that provides high and sustained Dynamic Charge Acceptance (DCA) to improve the Real World Emission performance of Micro Hybrid vehicles. ArcActive has developed a Carbon Fibre-based negative electrode, which displays high and sustained DCA but with low Water Consumption and will present the latest 3rd party battery level data on a variety of key performance attributes.

3:00 Graphene Nanomaterials Application in Lead-Acid Chemistry

Gui-ping Dai, Ph.D., Chief Scientist, Chaowei Power Company

Liya Wang, Ph.D., Vice President, R&D, XG Sciences

Robert M. Privette, Vice President, Energy Markets, XG Sciences

Lead-acid is the most widely employed rechargeable system with a 65% share of the battery market. Although the battery was invented over 150 years ago, research continues to enhance its performance in terms of rate capability, stability, cycle life and durability. The use of graphene is envisaged to offer further benefits given that it has high intrinsic electrical conductivity and also is extremely lightweight, chemically inert, and flexible with a large surface area. This presentation discusses the commercial application of graphene in a motive power lead-acid battery designed for e-bike duty.

3:20 Refreshment Break

3:40 New Carbon Additives for High DCA and High Temperature Durability Applications

Michael Mukai, Development Manager, Energy Materials, Cabot Corporation

Cabot is developing new PBX grades of carbon additives with controlled morphology and surface properties targeted to improve dynamic charge acceptance (DCA) and cycle life while maintaining high temperature durability of advanced lead acid batteries. The presentation will describe cell and battery level data demonstrating advantages of new grades in removing the tradeoffs observed previously for high surface area carbons.

4:00 PANEL DISCUSSION: Is Automotive Lead-Acid an Endangered Species? How Will Innovation Help to Maintain Market Share?

Moderator: Gerry Woolf, Owner and Publisher, Energy Storage Publishing Ltd.

Lead-based battery demand continues to grow worldwide despite the inroads being made from other battery chemistries such as Li-ion. The demand from the automotive industry is one of the key drivers to this market. This panel of experts will discuss the global lead-based market and it’s prospects for growth and innovation.

4:20 Q&A

4:40 Closing Remarks

4:50 End of Conference

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