EV Technology for Specialty Transportation

High-Energy Battery Development for Light to Heavy Duty Applications

June 24-25, 2019


Hybrid and Zero-emission EV’s for light-to-heavy duty transportation applications present great commercial opportunities for advanced high-energy batteries. Battery requirements vary with the application and offer viable alternatives for multiple technologies. In this track, we will discuss the development of hybrid and electric vehicle battery systems and the latest developments in advanced batteries to be commercialized within this transportation battery market while assessing consumer demand, competing technologies, and overcoming the challenges to commercialization.

Final Agenda

Monday, June 24

12:30 pm Symposia Registration

HEAVY DUTY EV MARKET OVERVIEW

1:30 Chairperson’s Opening Remarks

Leslie Goodbody, Engineer, Innovative Heavy-Duty Strategies, Mobile Source Control Division, California Air Resources Board

1:35 Advancing Zero-Emission Technology in Heavy-Duty Trucks, Buses, and Cargo Handling Equipment – A California Imperative

Leslie Goodbody, Engineer, Innovative Heavy-Duty Strategies, Mobile Source Control Division, California Air Resources Board

Heavy-duty vehicles and off-road equipment are responsible for a significant portion of California’s particulate, smog-forming, and climate change emissions, and for causing disproportionate health impacts to communities near the ports and along freight corridors. This talk will provide an overview of plans, strategies, and regulatory efforts underway to reduce emissions in heavy-duty and off-road vehicle fleets. It will cover CARB’s programs, such as Cap-and-Trade, Community Air Protection Program and Volkswagen, that provide funding for projects that spur clean and zero-emission technology innovation and commercialization.

OEM & USER PERSPECTIVES ON SPECIALTY BATTERY DEVELOPMENT

1:55 Toyota Motor North America’s Project Portal Class 8 Heavy Duty Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle

Scott Friedman, Senior Engineer, Research & Development, Toyota’s Project Portal, Toyota North America

Toyota Motor North America, including its partners Kenworth and the Port of Los Angeles, are working to push the envelope of zero emission class 8 heavy duty shore-to-store (drayage) trucking. With currently two trucks on the road and another ten coming by the middle of 2020, Project Portal is no longer just a proof of concept. Toyota will discuss Project Portal’s mission, design concept and its application of high-power batteries which supplement the Toyota Mirai’s Fuel Cell Stacks.

2:15 Overcoming the Challenges to Heavy Duty Vehicle Electrification – TransPower’s ZEV/NZEV Class 8 Vehicles

Joshua Goldman, Vice President, TransPower

A reliable electric drive system for Class 8 trucks has finally been demonstrated, but challenges remain including weight, range and charging infrastructure. In addition, the affordability for fleet operators - capital costs are presently about three times the cost of a high-end diesel truck or tractor. Critical to the commercialization of Class 8 EV trucks are OEMs, Dealers, Tier 1 Suppliers and Funding Subsidies. This presentation will address these challenges and highlight TransPower’s solutions.

2:35 Designing, Ruggedizing, Testing, and Manufacturing Battery Systems for the Heavy-Duty Market

Thomas Blazak, Director of Test & Validation, Battery Engineering, Proterra

Reliable ruggedized high capacity battery systems that were buy America compliant did not exist with the specs that Proterra’s customers needed. In less than 2 years Proterra built a team that has designed and tested and a manufacturing line that builds an industry leading HD battery system that has attracted the attention of multiple other HD manufacturers to the point where they are deploying the system in their HD battery electric efforts.

2:55 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

3:15 Refreshment Break

3:35 San Diego Metropolitan Transit System Zero Emission Bus (ZEB) Pilot Program

Michael Wygant, Director of Fleet and Facilities Maintenance, San Diego Metropolitan Transit System

MTS is currently constructing a ZEB Pilot Program that will further help the agency reduce their Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG). The nearly $10 million project is designed to support MTS in complying with the California Air Resources Board’s (CARB) proposed Initiative Clean Transit (ICT) regulation. The ICT will require California transit systems to transition to ZEB technologies meeting the State’s zero emission goal of 2040. This pilot program is set to commence service in mid-2019.

INNOVATIONS IN BATTERY SYSTEMS FOR SPECIALITY APPLICATIONS

3:55 ACTIA & Toshiba Battery Pack Innovation for Transit Bus, Mining & Rail Applications

Greg Fritz, EV Unit Manager, ACTIA Corporation

The successful commercialization of clean, efficient medium and heavy duty vehicles in a large part depends upon battery packs that last the life of the vehicle. The Toshiba LTO cells have over five times the life and power of other lithium cells, which when packaged and managed properly, last the life of the vehicle. The presentation will focus on field data from ACTIA+Toshiba battery packs in numerous demanding applications such as transit buses, mining, rail, theme park rides and autonomous guided vehicles with special focus on hybrid, fuel cell and fast charge EV applications.

4:15 Thermal and Stress Analysis of a Battery Pack for a Light Weight Sports Car

Kaushik Illa, Global Application Specialist, e-Powertrain, Siemens PLM Software

In this presentation we would like to address how simulation would assist in minimizing the research, analysis, and experiments to analyze the behavior of battery systems where there is a need for strongly coupled resolution of flow, heat transfer, electrochemistry and stress due to expansion and contraction during operation to provide the best possible prediction to maintain the integrity of the system and identifying potential problems at an early stage. In all, it is becoming more vital to analyze packs and modules through simulation to capture the complexity of a thermal management at component and system level.

4:35 Prototyping and Industrialization of Solid-State Battery Technology for Performance BEV and Electric Aircraft Propulsion System Applications

Martin Talke, Associate Principal, P3 Group

The technology maturity and feasibility of mass production of solid-state battery technology is one of the greatest mind-term challenges for electric propulsion systems, both on land and in the air. After prototyping has led to the desired battery cell design, the industrialization and production ramp-up are the next milestones before reaching series production. Together with strong partners, P3 has developed the skills to assess the feasibility of such next-generation battery production. Lastly, the application of mass produced next-generation battery technology for high-performance powertrain systems will be considered.

4:55 Q&A

5:20 Close of Day

Tuesday, June 25

8:30 am Morning Coffee

INNOVATIONS IN BATTERY SYSTEMS FOR SPECIALITY APPLICATIONS

9:00 Chairperson’s Remarks

Colin Wessells, PhD, CEO, Natron Energy

9:05 BMS Requirements for High Energy and High Power EV Battery Packs

Anil Paryani, PhD, CEO, Auto Motive Power

This presentation will focus on contactor management, current sensing, fuse management, thermal controls, bleeding and of course touch on SOC. I will also compare and contrast different approaches in the marketplace of OEMs based on public information. This presentation will discuss a novel method to predict the parameters and useful remaining life of lithium-ion batteries used in xEVs using data pieces from the normal operation of the vehicle, without the need of a complete charge/discharge test of the battery pack.

9:25 Data-Pieces Based Battery Parameter Identification and Useful Remaining Life Estimation

Chris Mi, PhD, Professor and Chair, Electrical and Computer Engineering, San Diego State University

This presentation will discuss a novel method to predict the parameters and useful remaining life of lithium-ion batteries used in xEVs using data pieces from the normal operation of the vehicle, without the need of a complete charge/discharge test of the battery pack.

9:45 Method for the Investigation of the Optimal Cell Size — Application to a New Electric Vehicle Concept for Sub-Saharan Africa

Xue Lin, Research Associate, Institute of Automotive Technology, Technical University of Munich

Automotive battery design is crucial for the performance and costs of the electric vehicle. Nowadays, cells used in electric vehicles are not optimized in regard to their size (capacity, format and dimensions), which is manifested in the vastly different battery concepts of vehicles in similar segments. This presentation offers a holistic method to determine the optimal battery cell size for electric vehicles in consideration of the electrothermal and aging behavior as well as safety and costs.

10:05 Grand Opening Coffee Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing (Sponsorship Opportunity Available)

LIB CHEMISTRIES AND ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

11:00 Energy Storage Considerations for 48V Hybrid-Electric Powertrains

Andrew Burke, PhD, Research Engineer, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California-Davis

There is considerable interest worldwide in the development of 48V hybrid-electric powertrains for light-duty vehicles of various sizes. This paper investigates in detail, based on laboratory tests at UC Davis of high-power cells of various lithium-ion chemistries and advisor simulations of hybrid vehicles using 48V powertrains, the likelihood that the DOE targets can be met and the likely fuel economy of light-duty vehicles using 48V hybrid-electric powertrains.

GRID-SCALE ENERGY STORAGE

11:20 Grid-Integration of Batteries as the Solution for Use of Renewable Energies

Michael Keller, Head of Coordination for Battery and Charging Technologies, Volkswagen Group R&D

How grid-integration of batteries can increase the percentage use of renewable energies for electric cars (including stationary batteries). This is an extended view of the use of batteries for the increased fluctuation of electric energy in the grid due to higher share or renewable energy sources.

11:40 Battery Energy Storage: Advancement in Generation Applications

Haresh Kamath, Senior Program Manager for Distributed Energy Resources (DER) at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

As lithium-ion battery costs fall, increasingly large battery storage systems are being proposed for deployment. Although some of these storage systems are standalone units designed for limited duration application, others are being proposed as support for solar, wind, gas, or nuclear generation to improve efficiency, reduce wear and tear, and to make systems more dispatchable. This presentation will discuss these developments, and potential future directions that may become possible with lower costs and advanced storage technologies.

12:00 pm Vehicle to Grid: No Longer Theory — Real World Implementation and Lessons

Kevin Matthews, Managing Director, Sustainability Sector, National Strategies, LLC

This session will provide attendees with an understanding of the realities of V2G, including V2B. The panelist will explore the technical and policy challenges and how they are met; the economic possibilities, and in some cases, lack thereof; and the changes needed to expand the reality. The session will also discuss the importance of knowing all the stakeholders and how to engage them.

12:20 Q&A

12:40 Networking Lunch

1:35 Dessert Break in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing (Sponsorship Opportunity Available)

ULTRA-FAST CHARGING SYSTEMS

2:35 Chairperson’s Remarks

Haresh Kamath, Senior Program Manager for Distributed Energy Resources (DER) at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

2:40 Wireless Inductive Charging Systems for Heavy Duty Applications

Michael Masquelier, CEO, CTO, Wave

WAVE’s inductive charging systems of 50 kW and 250 kW, currently powering buses on routes throughout the U.S., are the nation’s only solutions to have successfully undergone multiple rigorous commercial deployments. Today, WAVE has 50 kW commercial deployments at six U.S. locations. This technology has demonstrated the capability to develop and integrate high power charging systems onto heavy-duty electric vehicles.

3:00 Energy Storage Systems Based on Prussian Blue Batteries for EV Fast Charge Support

Colin Wessells, PhD, CEO, Natron Energy

Fast charging minimizes downtime for fleet vehicles and mitigates range anxiety for passenger vehicles. However, the grid may not provide adequate capacity for fast charging without costly upgrades, and high demand charges threaten to make fast charging prohibitively expensive. This presentation considers the value proposition of energy storage systems for demand charge management at fast charging stations. Optimally sized and dispatched storage reduces stations’ grid tariffs by 30% or more.

INNOVATION IN SECOND LIFE APPLICATIONS

3:20 Extracting Value from Second-Life Electric Vehicle Batteries

Na Jiao, Technology Analyst, IDTechX

Recycling retired batteries is still at a cost today and entails extra energy and potential pollution. Repurposing a second-life for those retired but still capable batteries in less-demanding applications such as stationary energy storage, on the other hand, could potentially bring tremendous value to a wide range of stakeholders in the automotive and energy sectors. Insights into the market potential of second-life electric vehicle batteries (a ten-year forecast), along with the markets and applications, existing industrial implementations, value chain as well as innovative business models for second-life batteries will be discussed.

3:40 Sponsored Presentation (Opportunity Available)

4:00 Q&A

4:20 Networking Reception in the Exhibit Hall with Poster Viewing (Sponsorship Opportunity Available)

5:25 Close of Symposium

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