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AABC Europe 2016
25-28 January 2016
Mainz, Germany



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Automotive Battery Conference
Advanced Automotive Battery Technology, Application & Market (AABTAM)
Wednesday, 27 January and Thursday, 28 January 2016
Track 2: Industrial and Specialty Automotive

Advanced Automotive Battery Conferences

AABC Europe 2016 – Automotive Symposium


Wednesday 27 January 2016


   Session 1: xEV and Industrial Battery Market
(Joint session with Track 1: High-Volume Automotive)
The automotive and industrial markets present great opportunities for developers of advanced high-energy batteries. Battery requirements vary with the applications, offering openings for multiple technologies. In this session we will discuss the development of the hybrid and electric vehicle and battery markets and the prospects of advanced batteries in the traditional industrial battery market, while assessing market drivers, competing technologies, and technological and commercial challenges.
9:00-9:05Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Dr. Menahem Anderman, President, Total Battery Consulting, Inc.
9:05-9:25Development of the New Prius
Michael Lord, Executive Engineer, Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing, NA
9:25-9:50Current Situation Regarding xEV-Batteries in the Chinese Market and Future Outlook
Dr. Mark Lu, Certified Senior Industrial Analyst, Industrial Economics & Knowledge Center (IEK), Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI)
In 2013, Chinese xEV sales were 17,642 units. This figure grew by well over 300% in 2014, making total sales of 74,763. In the first half of 2015, total sales were 78,500, and it is predicted total sales will top 210,000 by the year end. This growth in demand continues to constitute an equivalent growth in the demand for batteries, which has attracted overseas battery manufacturers, such as Samsung SDI, LGC and Boston Power. As a result of this increase, the Chinese government introduced some guidelines regarding eligibility for subsidies. These guidelines have changed the dynamics of the companies in the market. Therefore the purpose of this presentation is to allow the audience to see the scope of the market, recognize the leading companies, understand the changes in dynamics and receive suggestions on entering the market. This presentation will focus on the following areas:
  1. The current Chinese xEV sales, leading OEMs and models in 2015
  2. The market scope of Chinese xEV batteries by different segmentations (passenger car/E-Buses, PHEV/BEV)
  3. An overview of the leading companies in the market
  4. An introduction of the new guidelines issued by the Chinese government
  5. Changes in the dynamics of the companies in the market
  6. Suggestions for overseas companies wishing to enter the Chinese market
9:50-10:10Present Status and Future Outlook of LiB Materials Market
Sachiya Inagaki, Industrial Technology Unit, Yano Research Institute, Ltd.
In this seminar, I am intending to mainly talk about the market overview, manufactures and technical trends of the four major LIB materials, namely, cathode, anode, electrolyte solutions and separators which largely determine the specifications of LIBs, and about how they are related to the overall LIB market trends. I will also make some recommendations about how LIB material manufacturers should cope with the ever-changing and diversifying market needs.
10:10-11:00MaxwellTechnologiesCoffee Break with Exhibit & Poster Viewing
11:00-11:40xEV Industry Advances: Technology and Market
Dr. Menahem Anderman, President, Total Battery Consulting, Inc.
No longer able to meet the tightening government emission regulations with conventional diesel and gasoline engines, automakers will commence rapid expansion of their xEV offerings starting in 2018. Without clarity regarding the customers’ appetite for these vehicles, developers are spreading their bets on multiple architectures—mild and strong hybrids, plug-in hybrids, battery and fuel-cell electric vehicles—striving to meet the regulations at a cost they can pass to their customers. The technical success of the first generation of Li-Ion-powered xEVs, which have now been up to 6 years in the market, forms a good basis for the development of 2nd-generation technology. As xEV volume expands, the batteries’ energy density must increase to ease battery packaging in the car, and their cost must drastically come down to make the xEVs affordable to customers.  The technical challenge for battery developers then is to enhance performance and reduce cost while maintaining or improving durability, reliability, and safety. In this presentation, electrified-vehicle market and battery technology and market development from micro-hybrids to full EVs will be discussed, including:
  1. xEV Market drivers
  2. Battery-technology progress as enabler
  3. xEV market
  4. xEV-battery market
11:40-12:05xEV Market Trend and Its Impact on Battery Business
Sakuto Goda, Group Manager, Nomura Research Institute
The xEV and battery markets have experienced healthy growth during these 5 years. Now the markets are facing the new market phases and uncertainty. The markets will be driven by regulations for xEVs, but they are still unclear due to unexpected issues; besides, there are a lot of potential new entrants in xEV markets: entrants from different industries, fuel cell electric vehicle, and new customers in emerging countries which will be “long tail” customers. Battery suppliers should be flexible, establish robust strategy or be specialized to penetrate these new customers or competitors. This presentation includes:
  • What was the market development in 2014?
  • What will be the drivers for xEVs and batteries?
  • What should be the market development in the future?
  • What are the key factors for success in the future?
12:30-13:30A123 SystemsNetworking LUNCH
13:30-14:15Dessert Break with Exhibit & Poster Viewing
   Session 2A: Light Electric Vehicles (LEVs) and their Battery Systems
Electrification of light vehicles, including bikes, scooters, and off-highway neighborhood vehicles is advancing at a steady pace. In this session, we will discuss the development of the light electric vehicle market and the recent advances in the batteries that power these vehicles.
14:15-14:20Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Dr. Mo-Hua Yang, General Manager, TD HiTech Energy, Inc.; President, EnergyBus e.V.
14:20-14:40What’s the Next Standard LIB cell for LEVs and EVs Applications? The Trend of 18650 Standard Li-Ion Cell Developments
Dr. Mo-Hua Yang, General Manager, TD HiTech Energy, Inc.; President, EnergyBus e.V.
Thanks to the success story of Tesla EV marketing, the small standard 18650 LIB cell becomes possible for mass quantity battery system application in E-nobilities. The drastically increase of capacity of 18650 cell to 3.5Ah in the last years is almost reach to the material limitation. Cell manufacture companies start to propose the dimension change of 18650 cell for continued capacity increase but keeping the advantage of high quality, high reliability and cost effectiveness of standardization is challenging.
14:40-15:00How IEC/ISO Standards for Light EV Battery Safety, Interoperability and Public Charging Interface will Influence Battery Demand and Design for Light EV Applications
Hannes Neupert, CEO, ExtraEnergy Services GmbH & Co. KG
Since 2010 the EU mandated harmonization of public charging interfaces for all EVs including the Light EV section representing the successful Pedeles as well as electric two wheelers and other vehicles below the car category. As a result the IEC started a standardization activity the IEA Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Implementing agreement has started in 2013 the Task 23 which is coordinating the recommendations for local governments and cities on the requirements for public tenders acquiring public parking and charging infrastructure as well as shared Light EV solutions and battery swapping for Light EVs.
15:00-15:20Lithium Batteries for Long Distance Electric Bike Applications
Susanne Bruesch, Founder and CEO, Pedelec Adventures
From a technical user perspective this presentation will provide a very practical insight on where the e-bike battery technology and mobile solar charging solutions currently are and where they need to go to meet market demand.
15:40-16:25Refreshment Break with Exhibit & Poster Viewing
   Session 2B: Commercial xEVs and their Battery Systems
Commercial transportation, including buses, transit vans, delivery vehicles, hybrid trains, and electric boats typically have predictable duty cycles with significant stop-and-go operation, and thus present a unique opportunity for hybridization and electrification. In this session, vehicle and battery system developers will describe battery requirements and solutions for both hybridization and full electrification of these vehicles.
16:25-16:30Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Dr. Jens Groot, Energy Storage Systems Specialist, Volvo
16:30-16:50Commercial xEV Battery Systems: Cycle Life Testing and Cell Modelling at AB Volvo
Dr. Jens Groot, Energy Storage Systems Specialist, Volvo Group Trucks Technology
Although many heavy-duty vehicles are suitable for hybridization due to predictable duty cycles and high utilisation rates, they may also have very tough battery requirements; wide temperature range, frequent fast-charging and a no acceptance for unscheduled service or degradation of vehicle performance over life. In addition, heavy-duyty xEVs may be used differently based on the current market, season or time of the day, thus making optimisation of battery usage and sizing difficult. This presentation includes an overview of battery R&D within AB Volvo focusing on cycle life testing, cell modelling and state-of-health estimation.
16:50-17:10Role of Advanced Battery Technology in an eHighway System
Henrik Engdahl, Product Manager, eHighway, Siemens AG
The eHighway system aims to enable cost efficient electrification of heavy duty vehicles, especially targeting applications with high energy demand. An on-board electrical energy storage is an important component in such a system, especially on road sections where erection of infrastructure is cost inefficient or technically challenging. This presentation gives a short overview of the eHighway concept and discusses the technical and operational characteristics of on-board energy storages necessary for a full-electric transport chain.
17:10-17:30Energy Storage Solutions for Hybrid Trucks and City Buses
Christoph Fehrenbacher, Managing Director, Europe, A123 Systems
Buses and trucks are a source of air pollution in major cities and make a contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. In city duty cycles with low average speed and frequent stops, hybridization can have a significant effect on fuel economy also reflected in lower exhaust emissions. Over 30% less fuel consumption is achievable according to publications of bus manufacturers. The presentation will give examples and cover system requirements for typical heavy-duty hybrid applications. Cell and system design as well as life projections will be discussed on the basis of a case study.
18:00-19:30postersToyotaNetworking Reception with Exhibit & Poster Viewing


Thursday 28 January 2016


   Session 3: Automotive Battery Technology for Industrial Energy Storage Applications
Advanced automotive battery technology is creating significant new opportunities for varied high-energy applications within the industrial energy storage market. This session will examine these applications and their viability to achieve significant market share while overcoming technological and safety challenges.
9:00-9:05Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Dr. Axel Thielmann, Deputy Head of Competence Center Emerging Technologies, Fraunhofer ISI, Germany
9:05-9:25Trends, Markets and Business Scenarios of Battery Based Energy Storage for Electric Vehicles and Stationary Applications
Dr. Axel Thielmann, Deputy Head of Competence Center Emerging Technologies, Fraunhofer ISI
The talk will provide roadmaps on Lithium-Ion battery (LIB) developments in the fields of electric mobility (xEV and beyond), stationary energy storage (ESS) applications and will highlight potential interdependencies of market opportunities linked to the technological and cost development of LIB and alternative technologies. Market and business scenarios are drawn for the next decade and the long term on a global and partly regional/country level. The LIB developments will be assessed against the broader technology portfolio especially for ESS (e.g. redox flow batteries, lead acid batteries, hydrogen storage, thermal storage, and others).
9:25-9:45Advanced Polypropylene Battery Separators - Applications and Markets
Dr. Franz Josef Kruger, Head of Business Unit, TreoPore, Treofan Germany GmbH
Under the brand name Treopore, Treofan has developed a dry process for manufacturing biaxially stretched polypropylene-based films combining high mechanical and temperature stability with a nano-porous structure that can even be customized. The company is a world leading manufacturer of bi-axially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) films for a broad area of applications, such as packaging films and labels for the food industry, the tobacco industry and separators for capacitors, li-ion batteries and other energy storage devices. The article describes the unique Treopore separator properties and performance in large format li-ion cells for xEV and ESS markets.
9:45-10:05New Approach for Battery Storage Systems in Industrial Applications and Micro Grids
Dr. Stefan Meir, Senior Scientist, VARTA Storage
The analysis of the application of battery storage systems in industrial environment and in micro grid is revealing a wide spectrum of requirements with respect to power, capacity etc.. An advanced battery storage system must be able to fulfill most of the requirements by an acceptable market price. VARTA Storage present the latest results of its new approach for battery storage systems which manages the balancing act.
10:05-10:50AVLCoffee Break with Exhibit & Poster Viewing
10:50-11:10Mercedes-Benz Energy Storage: Stationary Battery Storage based on Li-Ion Automotive Product Platform
Dr. Hartung Wilstermann, General Manager, Deutsche ACCUmotive GmbH & Co. KG
In 2009 Mercedes-Benz was the first OEM launching a Li-Ion battery in an automotive application. In the meanwhile the Li-Ion technology is the worldwide standard for automotive battery systems. The development of automotive batteries for e-mobility applications is very challenging, since many requirements have to be taken into consideration. In contrast are stationary energy storage requirements lower especially for vibrations, cycling and temperature profiles. This presentation will show that a takeover of automotive batteries for stationary application is the best and most consistent choice for both applications. This is especially true for product safety but also for robustness and economy of scales. Therefor the development of the Mercedes-Benz energy storage is the most consequent continuation and implementation of the pioneering feat in the field of automotive Li-Ion batteries.
11:10-11:30Design and Operation of Large Scale Battery Storage Systems
Michael Schreieder, Head, Battery Technology, Younicos AG
Large scale battery storage systems are becoming an fundamental component of the global energy system. This presentation will focus on mechanical and electrical design of Lithium-Ion battery storage systems, containing an overview of the system layout and different operational strategies
11:30-11:50Challenges in Development of Low Cost Lithium-Ion Battery Materials for Grid Applications
Dr. Ke Zhang, Senior Research Scientist, Huntsman Performance Products
Dr. Dee Strand, Chief Scientific Officer, Wildcat Discovery Technologies
Grid storage applications present unique opportunities for lithium ion battery technologies with long life, high energy density, and high power capability. However, the lifetimes required for grid energy storage are beyond those for typical lithium ion applications such as consumer electronics and even automotive use. Therefore, novel materials and combinations of material components are required to meet performance of this new energy storage market. This presentation will focus on challenges of developing and demonstrating materials adequate for grid storage. For example, high energy density, long life lithium ion batteries require stringent purity requirements for all components within the cell. Most commercial cells today contain ethylene carbonate (EC) as a key solvent in the electrolyte formulation. The elimination or reduction of impurities such as water, residual glycol, and color bodies in the solvent can add significant cost. Therefore, it is critical to understand the effects of impurities on battery performance. The Performance Products division of Huntsman Corporation is a global manufacturer and marketer of more than 2,000 specialty chemicals and licenses 35 process technologies used in energy, agrochemicals, home and personal care, additives, and performance chemicals. Key product groups include amines, carbonates, ethylene oxide, glycols, maleic anhydride, and surfactants. Headquartered in The Woodlands, TX, USA, the company has 20 manufacturing locations, more than 2,000 employees, and more than 4,000 customers in 100 countries. Huntsman is a world leader and innovator in high purity cyclic carbonates, which it markets under its ULTRAPURE® carbonate brand. Wildcat Discovery Technologies is involved in the discovery and development of materials for lithium-ion batteries.  Using proprietary high throughput tools, Wildcat can synthesize and over 1,500 new materials per week and then measure capacity, power, voltage, and cycle life for those materials in actual battery cells.  Wildcat works with companies throughout the battery industry on all parts of the battery – cathodes, anodes, electrolytes and additives.  As a result, Wildcat helps its customers accelerate battery performance improvements, significantly reduce R&D costs and speed the introduction of their products to market.
12:15-13:00Hitachi-ChemicalNetworking LUNCH
13:00-14:00Dessert Break with Exhibit & Poster Viewing
   Session 4: Battery-Charging, Transportation, and Recycling/Reuse
(Joint session with Track 4: High-Volume Automotive)
In this session, EV and infrastructure developers and related stakeholders will discuss plans to address the technological and commercial challenges associated with vehicle electrification, including: charging technology, grid integration, transportation, maintenance, secondary use, and recycling.
14:00-14:05Chairperson’s Opening Remarks
Dr. Juergen Hildinger, Team Leader Advanced Development, Cell Technology, BMW
14:05-14:25AC or DC? Fast or Slow? Charging EVs in Germany
Dr. Fritz Rettberg, Head of E-Mobility, ie³ Institute of Energy Systems, Energy Efficiency and Energy EconomicsTechnical University of Dortmund
In order to reach the goal of national governments to reduce the CO2 emission, the change from fossil mobility to electric mobility can be a mighty measure if Renewable Energy Sources (RES) are used for charging the electric vehicles (EV). A successful change needs charging infrastructure with special requirements. On the one hand the needed energy has to be generated by RES on acceptable costs and on the other hand charging infrastructure that connects the EV’s batteries in a secure and sufficient way with the power grid has to be available comprehensively. Therefore, it is necessary to make a distinction between technologies and standards for public, semi-public and private charging spots. In addition, a regulatory framework is needed that allows business models with respect to the flexible use of the EV’s batteries by intelligent charging processes. The presentation will discuss current approaches of charging infrastructure and business models in Germany and will shed some light on the recommendations of the German National Platform for E-Mobility (NPE).
14:25-14:45Current Status and Outlook of Standardization for Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging Systems
Dr. Sebastian Mathar, Senior Engineer, Qualcomm
Currently, several national and international standardization bodies are dealing with Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging (WEVC) systems. On an international level, IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) has established a project team to develop an International Standard (IEC 61980) for WEVC. Due to the nature of all IEC work, this standard focuses on the specification of the infrastructure-side components. As a counterpart, ISO (International Standardization Organization) is currently developing a Public Available Specification (PAS 19363) for all WEVC vehicle-side components. SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) is developing a WEVC Technical Information Report (TIR J2954), which will cover both the infrastructure and the vehicle side. In this paper, the current situation in the above-mentioned standardization committees is discussed with regard to several key parameters that are vital for ensuring interoperability. Examples for such parameters include the reference coil types, the system operation frequency and technologies used for detecting foreign objects which might heat up when placed on the base pad. Furthermore, the current status of standardization with regards to EMC is summarized. Finally, an outlook for the future work of IEC, ISO and SAE is provided.
14:45-15:05Air Transport Regulations for Lithium-Ion Batteries and the Impact on the Automotive Market
David Brennan, Assistant Director, Cargo Safety and Standards, IATA
As the automotive industry expands the production of hybrid and all-electric vehicles powered by lithium ion batteries the demand for the industry to be able to move these lithium ion batteries by air will increase. Currently though any air transport of a lithium ion battery with a mass in excess requires an approval from the civil aviation authority of the State (country) in which the battery will be loaded onto an aircraft, and the carriage of these batteries is restricted to all-cargo aircraft. These conditions limit the movement of large-format automotive lithium ion batteries and place potentially significant delays and obstructions to the timely movement of these batteries. This session will look at the current air transport regulations; the safety considerations and concerns around the air transport of lithium ion batteries, and what opportunities exist to make the transport of large automotive lithium ion batteries more routine.
15:05-15:20Coffee BREAK
15:20-15:40Battery Safety Considerations During Storage, Transportation and Disposal
Jüergen Garche, General Manager, FCBAT Germany
The energy of a Li-ion cell is in average about 3,250 kJ/kg. About ¼ of this energy is related to electrochemical energy (chemical energy convertible into electrical energy via normal use or short circuit) and ¾ to thermal energy (chemical energy convertible only in thermal energy released at suitable stimulation; e.g. short circuit). The main safety related events are overcharge, external heating, external and internal short circuits, and mechanical deformations of the cell/battery case. The lecture will give an overview about
  • How would be triggered this thermodynamically risk in the field
  • How to manage this thermodynamically given risk by proper design of cells, batteries and battery applications
  • Safety relevant triggers which occur during transportation and storage, as external heating, external and internal short circuits, and mechanical deformations. Measures which can prevent them (e.g. reliable and low flammable packaging, thermal barriers) and transport related standards (e.g. UN 38.3) are described.
  • Safety relevant triggers which occur in the disposal phase of the cell/battery, as external heating, external and internal short circuits, and mechanical deformations as well.
  • Proof whether the cell/battery is defective (not all functions properly) or damaged (loss of physical integrity). Defective batteries with capacity ≤ 80 % of the nominal value (end-of-life by definition) could be still used in lower demanding applications, e.g. stationary storage in PV houses. Damaged batteries and defective batteries with << 80 % capacity and other malfunctions have to be recycled.
  • Reduction of safety risks before the recycling process (including transport) by de-energizing the battery.
15:40-16:00Battery Recycling and the Corresponding Potential Environmental Impacts
Willy Tomboy, Director, Recharge Batteries
Batteries in the EU are regulated by the Batteries Directive 2006/66/EC. The main objectives of this Directive is environmental protection, respecting the waste hierarchy, and ensure the single European market functions properly by harmonized measures. Since the time of the preparation of the Directive in 2005, the implementation in 2008, and today’s situation, the market for batteries has drastically changed by a fast growing market of rechargeable lithium-ion battery technologies, by a diversification of chemistries, by a multiplication of applications, and by an increased energy content of these batteries. In the EU Commission Circular Economy Package, batteries and recycling and environment play a significant role. Issues such as extended producer responsibility, extending the product life (re-use and second use), quality of the recycling processes, safety and health and protection of stakeholders handling batteries in production, transport, storage, use, end-of life are being addressed, also in the product environmental footprint, where the reduction of environmental impacts thanks to recycling has been calculated. The real environmental impact, however, may arise from the fraction of batteries that is not taken-back or collected for recycling or being re-used, that is (il)legally exported and processed without the use of adequate technologies...
16:00-16:20Battery Second Life: Redefining the Value Proposition for Stationary Battery Energy Storage Systems
Melissa Bowler, Technical Project Manager, Stationary Battery Storage Systems and B2L, BMW
Innovation is the development or redefinition of value in a new or changing environment. BMW i is an innovative new approach to mobility that is necessary due to the developing context of the world around us. Through the use of integrated services to complement purpose built electric vehicles, the BMW Group has worked to redefine the value proposition of a vehicle to enable a more sustainable form of individual mobility. Through the development of the revolutionary i3 and i8 electric vehicles, it was determined that a conversion was an inefficient partial solution to the challenges of vehicle electrification. To date our experience with Battery Second Use and the use of EV batteries in a stationary application has proven to be no different. Simply using EV batteries in a stationary battery system is novel. Leveraging the USPs of an EV Battery System to realize a higher level of value over the lifecycle of both stationary and mobile applications is revolutionary. This talk will discuss the optimizations and potentials EV Batteries can offer to the stationary storage market.
16:40-16:50Closing Remarks